456 – The Visigoths under king Theodoric II, acting on orders of the Roman emperor Avitus, invade Spain with an army of Burgundians, Franks and Goths, led by the kings Chilperic I and Gondioc. They defeat the Suebi under king Rechiar on the river Urbicus near Astorga (Gallaecia).
610 – Coronation of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius.
869 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about patriarch Photius of Constantinople.
1143 – King Alfonso VII of León recognizes Portugal as a Kingdom.
1450 – Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria.
1789 – French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.
1641 – Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of King Louis XIV of France (d. 1707)
1658 – Mary of Modena, queen of James II of England (d. 1718)
1717 – Marie Anne de Mailly, French mistress of King Louis XV of France (d. 1744)
1899 – Georg, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1963)
578 – Justin II, Byzantine Emperor (b. 520)
1056 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1017)
1214 – King Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1155)
1285 – King Philip III of France (b. 1245)