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Christian V (April 15, 1646 – August 25, 1699) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699.
Well-regarded by the common people, he was the first king anointed at Frederiksborg Castle chapel as an absolute monarch since the decree that institutionalized the supremacy of the king in Denmark-Norway, he fortified the absolutist system against the aristocracy by accelerating his father’s practice of allowing Holstein nobles but also Danish and Norwegian commoners into state service.
Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway
Christian V of Denmark and Norway was the son of King Frederik III (1609-1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670. Christian V’s mother was Princess Sophie-Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg who was born at the Herzberg Castle, in Herzberg am Harz. Her parents were Georg, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Anne-Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt.
King Christian V was married to Charlotte-Amalie of Hesse-Cassel was born in Cassel, Hesse, Holy Roman Empire. Her parents were Landgrave Willhelm VI of Hesse-Cassel and his consort Hedwig-Sophia of Brandenburg.
The crown of King Christian V of Denmark was the crown used at the coronation of all of Denmark’s absolutist kings. While the reign of such monarchs ended in 1849, the crown is still used during a Danish king’s castrum doloris, the last time in 1972.
Used by the kings from Christian V to Christian VIII. Made by Paul Kurtz in Copenhagen, 1670–1671. Gold with enamel and table-cut stones. Total weight 2080 g. Also 2 garnets and 2 sapphires, of which the largest dates back to Frederik I of Denmark.
Frederik III had large parts of his daughters’ trousseau bought in Paris, which, already at that time, was a centre for European fashion. But the jewellery was commissioned to Kurtz. He was, therefore, considered an outstanding jeweller. In 1670–1671 he made his principal piece of work, Crown of Christian V.
The closed shape was inspired by the crown of Louis XIV of France, but Kurtz replaced the lily-shaped points of the French crown with palmettes and adorned the crown with a row of diamonds intertwined with palmette and acanthus. In that way a “white” play of light was created, which was framed by blue and red in the sapphires and garnets of the crown ring and the orb and cross in the top.
The crown forms part of the National Coat of arms of Denmark and the Royal Coat of arms. Since 1671, the crown has been the de facto symbol of the state power. It is included in stylized and varied forms in most state institutions, including ministries.