410 – The Visigoths under king Alaric I begin to pillage Rome.
455 – The Vandals, led by king Genseric, begin to plunder Rome. Pope Leo I requests Genseric not destroy the ancient city or murder its citizens. He agrees and the gates of Rome are opened. However, the Vandals loot a great amount of treasure.
1185 – Sack of Thessalonica by the Normans.
1200 – King John of England, signee of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angouleme in Bordeaux Cathedral.
1215 – Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid.

Births:

1113 – Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (d. 1151)
1198 – Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)
1358 – John I of Castile (d. 1390)
1393 – Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1458)
1750 – Letizia Ramolino, French mother of Napoleon (d. 1836)
1758 – Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1794)
1772 – Willem I of the Netherlands (d. 1840)

Deaths:

1042 – Michael V Kalaphates, Byzantine emperor (b. 1015)
1103 – Magnus III of Norway (b. 1073)

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