1210 – Pope Innocent III excommunicates German leader Otto IV.
1599 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Bathory in the Battle of Şelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.

Births:

1405 – Pope Pius II (d. 1464)
1668 – Johann Georg IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
1831 – Emperor Friedrich III of Germany (d. 1888)

Deaths:

1035 – Sancho III of Navarre, King of Navarre
1101 – Hugh of Vermandois, son of Henry I of France (b. 1053)
1141 – Leopold IV of Austria, Duke of Bavaria
1417 – Pope Gregory XII
1503 – Pope Pius III (b. 1439)
1541 – Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)
1558 – Maria of Austria, wife of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (b. 1505)
1921 – King Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)

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