1113 – The first documented mention under the Latin name Varadinum (“vár” means fortress in Hungarian) and the celebration day of the city Oradea(Nagyvárad) while its bishopric was founded during the 11th century by King Ladislaus I of Hungary
1216 – King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge.
1398 – The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
1810 – First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
1986 – Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People’s Republic of China.


1350 – Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscovy (d. 1389)
1537 – King Edward VI of England (d. 1553)
1558 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (d. 1618)
1798 – Pedro I of Brazil (d. 1834)


632 – Edwin of Northumbria (b.c. 586)
638 – Pope Honorius I
642 – Pope John IV
1095 – Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
1176 – William d’Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician (b.c. 1109)
1320 – Michael IX Palaeologus (b. 1277)
1576 – Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)
1730 – King Frederick IV of Denmark (b. 1671)
1997 – John Denver, American singer (b. 1943)*


* He may not have been royal but he was my very favorite singer in the entire world.