50 – Pulcheria becomes empress of the Byzantine Empire after her brother Theodosius II is killed during an hunting accident. She marries the Illyrian (or Thracian) senator Marcian who is crowned as emperor.
1192 – Odo III becomes Duke of Burgundy.
1258 – Regent George Mouzalon and his brothers are killed during a coup headed by the aristocratic faction under, paving the way for its leader, Michael VIII Palaiologos, to ultimately usurp the throne of the Empire of Nicaea.
1270 – Philippe III becomes King of France.
1699 – Frederik IV becomes King of Denmark and Norway
1758 – Seven Years’ War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.

Births:

1530 – Ivan the Terrible, Russian Tsar (d. 1584)
1707 – Luis I of Spain (d. 1724)
1786 – Ludwig I of Bavaria (d. 1868)
1845 – Ludwig II of Bavaria (d. 1886)

Deaths:

1192 – Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
1270 – Louis IX of France (b. 1214)
1482 – Margaret of Anjou (b. 1429)
1699 – Christian V of Denmark and Norway (b. 1646)
1940 – Prince Jean, Duke of Guise (b. 1874)
1942 – Prince George, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)

 

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