1180 – Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies. The Byzantine Empire slips into terminal decline.
1645 – Battle of Rowton Heath, Parliamentarian victory over a Royalist army commanded in person by King Charles I.

Births:

15 – Vitellius, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
1513 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1535)

Deaths:

366 – Pope Liberius
768 – Pippin the Short, King of the Franks (b. 714)
1120 – Welf II, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
1143 – Agnes of Germany, daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1072)
1143 – Pope Innocent II
1180 – Manuel I Komnenos, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 1118)
1213 – Gertrude of Merania, wife of Andrew II of Hungary (murdered) (b. 1185)
1228 – Stefan Nemanjić, Serbian King (b. 1165)
1275 – Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (b. 1208)
1435 – Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France (b. c.1370)
1834 – Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (b. 1798)
1950 – Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1863)

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