590 – Consecration of Pope Gregory I (Gregory the Great).
1189 – Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard “the Lionheart”) is crowned at Westminster.
1650 – Third English Civil War: in the Battle of Dunbar, English Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat an army loyal to King Charles II of England and led by David Leslie, Lord Newark.
1651 – Third English Civil War: Battle of Worcester – Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war.
1658 – Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England.
1914 – Wilhelm of Weid, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.


1851 – Olga Konstantinovna of Russia, Queen of Greece (d. 1926)


1402 – Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan (b. 1351)
1420 – Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland (b. c. 1340)
1658 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England (b. 1599)