475 – The Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna.
489 – Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
1189 – Third Crusade: the Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
1619 – Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1640 – Second Bishop’s War: King Charles I’s English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn.
1913 – Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
1996 – Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales divorce.


1592 – George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (d. 1628)
1667 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1721)
1691 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1750)
1714 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)
1827 – Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia (d. 1894)
1999 – Prince Nikolai of Denmark, Danish royalty


1341 – King Leo V of Armenia (b. 1309)
1481 – King Afonso V of Portugal (b. 1432)
1943 – Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)