357 – Battle of Strasbourg: Julian, Caesar (deputy emperor) and supreme commander of the Roman army in Gaul, wins an important victory against the Alemanni at Strasbourg (Argentoratum).
450 – Pulcheria becomes empress of the Byzantine Empire after her brother Theodosius II is killed during an hunting accident. She marries the Illyrian (or Thracian) senator Marcian who is crowned as emperor.
1192 – Eudes III succeeds as Duke of Burgundy
1248 – The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
1258 – Regent George Mouzalon and his brothers are killed during a coup headed by the aristocratic faction under, paving the way for its leader, Michael VIII Palaiologos, to ultimately usurp the throne of the Empire of Nicaea.
1270 – Philippe III of France succeeds to the throne.
1758 – Seven Years’ War: Friedrich II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.
1699 – Frederik IV of Denmark succeeds to the throne.
1530 – Tsar Ivan IV of Russia (d. 1584)
1707 – King Luis I of Spain, (d. 1724)
1786 – King Ludwig I of Bavaria (d. 1868)
1845 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (d. 1886)
383 – Gratian, Roman Emperor (b. 359)
471 – Gennadius I, Patriarch of Constantinople
1192 – Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
1270 – Louis IX of France (b. 1214)
1482 – Margaret of Anjou, queen of Henry VI of England (b. 1429)
1554 – Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1473)
1699 – Christian V of Denmark (b. 1646)