1305 – Sir William Wallace is executed for High Treason at Smithfield in London.
1514 – Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
1775 – American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St. James’s stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion.
1944 – World War II King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
2007 – The skeletal remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Anastasia are found near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
1754 – King Louis XVI of France (d. 1793)
1305 – William Wallace, Scottish patriot (b. 1272)
1387 – King Olav IV of Norway (b. 1370)
1628 – George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (b. 1592)