Events:

851 – Battle of Jengland: Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.
1138 – Battle of the Standard between Scotland and England.
1350 – Jean II succeeds to the thrrone of France.
1485 – The Battle of Bosworth Field, the death of Richard III and the end of the House of Plantagenet. Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond becomes King Henry VII.
1642 – Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War begins.

Births:

1854 – Milan I, King of Serbia (d. 1901)

Deaths:

1241 – Pope Gregory IX, (b. c.1143)
1280 – Pope Nicholas III (b. c.1216)
1304 – John II, Count of Holland (b. 1247)
1350 – Philippe VI, King of France (b. 1293)
1358 – Isabella, Queen of England (b. c. 1295)
1456 – Voivode Vladislav II of Wallachia
1485 – King Richard III of England (b. 1452)
1553 – John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English admiral and politician (b. 1504)
1572 – Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland (b. 1528)
1680 – Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (b. 1613)

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