982 – Holy Roman Emperor Otto II is defeated by the Saracens in the battle of Capo Colonna, in Calabria
1040 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.
1057 – King Macbeth is killed at the Battle of Lumphanan by the forces of Máel Coluim mac Donnchada.
1461 – The Empire of Trebizond surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmed II. This is regarded by some historians as the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David is exiled and later murdered.
1483 – Pope Sixtus IV consecrates the Sistine Chapel.


1171 – King Alfonso IX of León (d. 1230)
1950 – Anne, the Princess Royal
1992 – Carl-Johan of Nassau


1038 – King Stephen I of Hungary
1040 – King Duncan I of Scotland
1057 – Macbeth, King of Scotland
1118 – Alexios I Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1048)
1196 – Conrad II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1173)