Events:

1040 –Macbeth succeeds to the Scottish Throne. 

1385 – Portuguese Crisis of 1383–1385: Battle of Aljubarrota – Portuguese forces commanded by King John I and his general Nuno Álvares Pereira defeat the Castilian army of King John I.
1415 – Henry the Navigator leads Portuguese forces to victory over the Marinids at the Battle of Ceuta.
1433 – Duarte succeeds to the throne of Portugal.

Births:

1473 – Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence (d. 1541)
1479 – Princess Catherine of York (d. 1527)
1642 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1723)
1653 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
1688 – Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (d. 1740)
1727 – Princess Marie Louise Élisabeth of France, daughter of King Louis XV (d. 1759)
1727 – Princess Anne Henriette of France, daughter of King Louis XV (d. 1752)
1740 – Pope Pius VII (d. 1823)
1777 – Francis I of the Two Sicilies (d. 1830)
1876 – Alexander I of Serbia, King of Serbia (d. 1903)

Deaths:

1040 – Duncan I of Scotland
1430 – Philip I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1404)
1433 – King John I of Portugal (b. 1357)
1464 – Pope Pius II (b. 1405)

 

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