955 – Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West.
1759 – King Carlos III of Spain succeeds to the Spanish throne.
1792 – French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace – Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by the Parisian mob.
1920 – World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI’s representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres that divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.
1267 – King James II of Aragon (d. 1327)
1296 – King John of Bohemia (d. 1346)
1397 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1439)
1520 – Madeleine of Valois, French-born Queen consort of the Scots, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
1759 – King Fernando VI of Spain (b. 1713)