42 – Battle of Maserfield – Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Northumbria.
910 – The last major Danish army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward the Elder and Earl Aethelred of Mercia.
1071 – Byzantine–Norman wars: Italo-Normans begin a nearly-three-year siege of Bari.
1100 – Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
1305 – William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London where he is put on trial and executed.
1388 – The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England, is fought near Otterburn.
1600 – The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place.
1860 – Carl XV of Sweden of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim.
1301 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
1461 – King Alexander Jagiellon of Poland (d. 1506)
1828 – Queen Louise of the Netherlands, Dutch consort of Carl XV of Sweden (d. 1871)
1833 – Queen Carola of Vasa, Austrian consort of King Albert of Saxony (d. 1907)
1939 – Princess Irene of the Netherlands
882 – King Louis III of France (b. 863)
1063 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd (b. 1007)
1877 – Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (b. 1799)
1901 – Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain and German Empress (b. 1840)