Events:

338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
1100 – King Henry I becomes King of England
1830 – Charles X of France abdicates the throne in favor of his son, Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême who in turn abdicates the throne to his nephew, Henri Henri, Count of Chambord.

Birthdays:

1455 – John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1499)
1674 – Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of France (d. 1723)
1696 – Mahmud I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1754)
1702 – Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau, German Prince (d. 1769)
1858 – Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1934)
1868 – King Constantine I of Greece (d. 1923)
1902 – Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christian Church (d. 1971)

Deaths:

686 – Pope John V (birth year unknown)
924 – King Ælfweard of Wessex (b. 904)
1100 – King William II of England (b. c. 1056)
1222 – Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (b. 1156)
1316 – Louis of Burgundy, Prince of Achaea (b. 1297)
1589 – King Henri III of France (b. 1551)
1776 – Louis François, Prince of Conti, French military leader (b. 1717)

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