1309 – Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V.
1469 – Wars of the Roses: the Battle of Edgecote Moor pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of Edward IV of England takes place.
1581 – Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration): the northern Low Countries declare their independence from the Spanish king, Felipe II.
1830 – King William IV succeeds to the throne of the United Kingdom
1936 – King Edward VIII, in one of his few official duties before he abdicates the throne, officially unveils the Canadian National Vimy Memorial.
1678 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1711)
796 – King Offa of Mercia
811 – Nikephoros I Logothetes, Byzantine emperor
1471 – Pope Paul II (b. 1417)
1801 – Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria (b. 1756)
1830 – King George IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1762)
1867 – King Otto of Greece (b. 1815)