230 – Pope Pontian succeeds Urban I as the eighteenth pope.
1242 – Battle of Taillebourg : Louis IX of France puts an end to the revolt of his vassals Henry III of England and Hugh X of Lusignan.
1403 – Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
1831 – Inauguration of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, as the first king of the Belgians.