Events:

1333 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill – The English win a decisive victory over the Scots.
1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days of reign.
1870 – Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.

Births:

1822 – Princess Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916)

Deaths:

514 – Pope Symmachus
1415 – Philippa of Lancaster (b. 1359)
1810 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Prussia (b. 1776)

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