1290 – King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B’Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities.
1389 – Kingdom of France and Kingdom of England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13-year peace; the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years’ War.


1501 – Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
1552 – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1612)
1724 – Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria, German composer, singer, harpsichordist and patron (d. 1780)

1942 – Prince Alexander of Belgium


1608 – Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
1639 – Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
1918 – Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)