138 – Emperor Hadrian dies after a heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina.
1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeats the king’s Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
1584 – William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
1645 – English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place.
1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Births

1452 – King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
1711 – Princess Amelia of Great Britain (d. 1783)
1867 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
1965 – Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark

Deaths

138 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)
1103 – King Eric I of Denmark
1290 – King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
1480 – King René I of Naples (b. 1410)
1559 – King Henry II of France (b. 1519)
1584 – William I of Orange (b. 1533)
1590 – Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)

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