975 – Edward the Martyr becomes king of England
1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island.
1709 – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava – Peter I of Russia defeats Carl XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.
1859 – King Carl XV accedes to the thrones of Sweden-Norway.

Births

1490 – Albert, Duke of Prussia (d.1568)
1528 – Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
1545 – Carlos, Prince of Asturias (d. 1568)
1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
1830 – Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg, German-born wife of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (d. 1911)

Deaths

975 – Edgar the Peaceful, King of England (b. 943)
1153 – Pope Eugene III (b. c. 1087)
1859 – King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)

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