1189 – Richard I “the Lionheart” is crowned King of England.

1253 – Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania.
1483 – Richard III is crowned King of England.
1495 – First Italian War: Battle of Fornovo – Charles VIII defeats the Holy League, but ultimately ends his attempted conquest of Italy.
1535 – Sir Thomas More is executed for treason against King Henry VIII of England.
1553 – Mary I becomes the first Queen Regnant of England.
1557 – King Philip II of Spain, consort of Queen Mary I of England, sets out from Dover to war with France, which eventually results in the loss of the City of Calais, the last English possession on the continent, and Mary I never seeing her husband again.


1832 – Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, Mexican emperor (d. 1867)
1868 – Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, member of the British Royal Family (d. 1935)


918 – William I, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 875)
966 – Berengar II, King of Italy (b. 900)

1189 – King Henry II of England (b. 1133)
1218 – Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1166)
1249 – King Alexander II of Scotland (b. 1198)
1553 – King Edward VI of England (b. 1537)
1762 – Czar Peter III of Russia (b. 1728)
1963 – Georg, Duke of Mecklenburg, Russian-born head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)