437 – Emperor Valentinian III, begins his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ends her regency, but continues to exercise political influence at the court in Rome.

1298 – The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg. *

1871 – Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.


1262 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
1363 – Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens (d. 1401)
1492 – Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
1698 – Francesco III d’Este, Duke of Modena (d. 1780)
1849 – Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Czech-born Queen consort of Bavaria (d. 1919)
1903 – King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)


1298 –  Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1220) *
1504 – Prince Stephen III of Moldavia (“Ştefan cel Mare”) (b. 1434)
1674 – Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
1932 – King Manuel II of Portugal (b. 1889)

Seeing that today is the anniversary of the The Battle of Göllheim between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg and that it is also the anniversary of the death of    Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg I guess we know how that turned out then don’t we? 🙂